Cher Public

Two ghosts

The ENO was filled with ghosts last week. Spectral, possibly illusory figures fleetingly materialized in the Internet chatrooms that provide the setting for much of Nico Muhly’s new opera Two Boys, and brutal boarding school memories came back to troubled life in director Christopher Alden’s dark take on Benjamin Britten’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream

Muhly’s opera, with libretto by Craig Lucas, is both a detective story and cyber-cautionary tale of “the dark side of the Internet”.  It unfolds, rather baroquely as flashbacks within flashbacks. As the opera begins, a detective inspector is reflecting over the confusing facts of a difficult case.  One teenage boy has been accused of stabbing another behind a shopping mall; the accused claims a masked stranger attacked them, but security camera footage suggests otherwise.

As explanation of how he came to be at the crime scene, he offers his story of how an encounter with a frightened teenage girl in a chatroom grew into something quite perilous. His online chats, sung as duets with text projected above and sometimes on the set, with an increasingly ominous set into a world of conspiracies, sexual predators, and genuine physical danger. Revealing more of the plot would subvert the intentions of the creators and the ENO who revealed as little of the plot as they could in interviews and promotional materials.

Even the program book forsook the typical plot summary.  A “didhedoit” might seem a slim basis for a full-length opera, but the libretto supplies enough intrigue, passion, and violence to serve as gunpowder for an evening’s worth of operatic fireworks.

However, the treatment feels cinematic, not operatic, rushing headlong from scene to scene with the music gamely trying to keep pace, rather than drive the work forward or reflect on the action.  It was only in the mesmerizing choral interludes, depicting the online world that the music gained the attention it deserved elsewhere. The net result was a dramatic choppiness that fought against any sense of broader musical structure in the work.  Operas are written in paragraphs and this felt too much like a series of strung together sentences.

Now, many of those sentences were exquisitely beautiful; Muhly has a remarkable ear for sound, his mastery of timbre in his orchestral writing was heard to particular advantage in the interludes which depict the bustle, buzz, and back alleys of the online world without resorting to electronic sounds.

Other highlights included an all-too-brief church scene the sequence in which the detective solved the crime (including a lovely musical “a-ha”) and the opera’s final choral peroration  His setting of text was also very admirable both for allowing the clear projection of words and for the well-judged deployment of melisma.

The performers presented the work with a palpable commitment and enthusiasm, even if the orchestra under conductor Rumon Gamba got occasionally tongue-tied coping with the musical language.  As the inspector, Susan Bickley captured her character’s resolve and determination, despite a part that demanded that she spend much of the opera in a state of exasperated befuddlement.

Other major roles were cast with young, relatively unknown singers, all of whom made their most of the opportunity.  Tenor Nicky Spence as the accused Brian was particularly fearless, both in his emotional intensity and his willingness to take on some sticky, as it were, sexual business that other performers might balk at.

Soprano Mary Bevan, as Rebecca, Brian’s threatened chat partner, projected the right mix of allure, vulnerability, and ambiguity. Joseph Beesley as a boy soprano  Brian hears sing in church had an extremely powerful voice of surprising emotional range.  One hopes that most of these singers travel with the work to the Met, although one doubts Mr. Beesley will still be singing treble roles in two years.

Overall, it’s a work I would want to experience again, particularly in a different production. The ENO/ Metropolitan Opera co-production by director Bartlett Sher made significant use of video projections done by members of 59 Productions.   Their videos were haunting, capturing both the seductiveness and threat of the online world, but they couldn’t salvage the overall production, which had some particularly maddening directorial choices.

One was that the set was in nearly constant motion; the detective’s desk did multiple laps around the stage before the evening ended.  A character might be in the middle of a thought or there would be a particularly dramatic interchange and then the set would start shifting, seriously disrupting both the music and the drama.

Secondly, there was no consistency or logic to how the characters’ excursions to the online world were displayed. A character might start a chat on an empty stage only to have their desk with computer carried on by stagehands in the middle of the scene. Characters chatting electronically with Brian might be positioned at opposite ends of the stage and then suddenly enter his room, a powerful device if it were deployed with some consistency and didn’t cause confusion when characters appeared in Brian’s room who were actually in there.

In another extreme instance, Brian presented his recollection of a chat and then the staging showed what happened to the other participant in the chat after the chat ended, even though Brian couldn’t have seen the events and we were supposed to be watching his recollections. It was not a production, alas, to win over the doubting members of the Cher Public to the Sher Public.

Lack of a steady directorial hand was not an issue for Alden’s disturbing new production of A Midsummer Night’s Dream seen at its last performance of the run. It scored a regie hat-trick as it simultaneously managed to tell the story of the opera, to highlight the psychosexual content of the won and to reflect upon how the plot and themes of Dream might have had a particular resonance for the composer.

The setting is the deserted courtyard of a British boy’s boarding school late at night.  Before the music begins, a young man, whom we eventually learn is Theseus, wanders on in a pensive mood.  The program book tells us he is there on the eve of his wedding.  He sits on the ground and drifts off, deep in thought, eventually falling asleep and starting to dream. His dream is the opera and it soon reveals why he might be drawn back to his school as he is about to begin married life.

The school is an oppressive place, the threat of violence, physical or sexual, seems very real.  Puck is Theseus as a younger boy.  Oberon is the domineering headmaster; Tytania the music teacher; and the fairies are the students at the school. Oberon and Tytania’s cruelly manipulate the boys by offering them the possibility of being their “favorite”.  Puck has just lost his favorite status and he is desperate to be back in Oberon’s good graces, even though a new boy (“the boy stolen from the Indian king ”) is now the object of Oberon’s affections.

Puck must not only help Oberon get revenge on Tytania for toying with Oberon’s new chosen lad, but he must also, as the logic of dreams would have it, wreak havoc on the relationships of his current-day friends (the quartet of lovers) and other citizens who will provide entertainment at the wedding (the rude mechanicals). The havoc is quite extreme.  In act II, the school is set afire and in a considerable display of stagecraft burns intensely, but is not consumed.

Just as the chaos is calming down at the end of Act II and the fairies sing their consoling lyric “The man shall have his mare again, And all shall be well” over ambiguous harmonies, an ominous veiled woman walks on to the horror of the dreaming Theseus; this turns out to be his bride to be Hippolyta.  Eventually, Theseus awakens from his dream and goes off to be married and enjoy a bawdy play, but Puck’s return for his final exhortation to the audience, delivered here with anger and bitterness, reminds us that abused boys never quite believe that they have awakened from their nightmare.

This approach resonated with the music and the text in surprising and enlightening ways.  It connected Dream in a to Britten’s other works about loss of innocence and corruption.  Puck, the only child on stage whose voice has changed, has lots his innocence for good. The tension between angelic children’s voices and the erotic lyrics and yearning harmonies of the fairies music was even more unsettling than usual.

In other stagings, a counter-tenor Oberon can come across as rather camp, even if musically and sonically apt.  Not so here.  Oberon was intimidating and more than a little frightening.  He caned Puck savagely for his misdeeds (and made the Indian boy hold him down) and casually flicked the still hot ashes from his cigarette onto the lovers to cast his spell.

Once again, ENO fielded a mostly young, impressive cast.  However, it was the veteran Willard White who walked away with the show.  He brought such eloquence and nuance to the role of Bottom; his interpretation found all the wonder at the possibility of transformation that Britten put in Bottom’s music

Notable , too were the Oberon, Iestyn Davies, who a countertenor of exceptional projection and impact and the Lysander, tenor Allan Clayton, who has a voice of considerable heft and intensity. Conductor Leo Hussain delivered a reading of the score that matched the tone of the production – menacing, barbaric, and dangerous.

The best opera productions get the audience to pay close attention to a work they think they know by highlighting details in the music and text that may have gone unnoticed Dream at the ENO had me riveted.

Photos: Alistair Muir (Midsummer), Richard Hubert Smith (Two Boys).

  • ianw2

    Thanks for the reviews. Whilst I’ll always have a soft spot for Baz’s last-days-of-the-Raj-fantasia, I desperately want to see this Midsummer’s. I also happen to think, having heard him do it in Houston, that Iestyn Davies is a fabulous talent.

  • opera-cake

    Many thanks for that excellent second review!

    Christopher Alden is a *rare* gem in the operatic world; someone with a huge talent, subtle eye for details, and ability to build a story-within-story in a most fascinating theatrical way. So far these qualities were not too appreciated in opera, but it’s changing…

    Leo Hussain is another burst of talent with a thing for the 20th century repertoire.

    I’m also glad that you noticed Allan Clayton, a fantastic tenor and excellent actor.

    Aaaah how I envy you for being able to see that! Cheers ;)

  • Sempre liberal

    Great reviews. Both sound very exciting.

    As much as I have a visceral jealous dislike for Muhly because he is so cute and young (he looks dashing when he’s in the audience at the MET), I really really like his music — this kid is really talented.

    Do you think his opera might be better served at the John Jay theatre or at the big theater at Jazz at Lincoln Center than at the MET itself?

    Did you get to see ENO’s Boccanegra? I’m curious to hear how it went.

    • Dawn Fatale

      I wondered how well “Two Boys” would work in a theater as large as the Met. The forces are big enough, but the staging would have to be rethought for the Met. The Koch Theater might be available….

      I did not get to see the Boccanegra, alas.

  • I always feel cheated that I can’t see the productions when I read reviews that give such powerful glimpses into the performances. Thank you very much. I am linking to a performance of Iestyn Davies from Griselda.

  • Henry Holland

    I desperately want to see this Midsummer’s

    Me too, but per Operabase it’s a “New co-production with Stanislavsky Opera, Moscow”. Damn.

    It’d be perfect for NYCO. [ducks]

    Yes, Nico Muhly is quite good looking, fine, his blog is quite entertaining, sure, he’s shown a knack for writing film scores and choral pieces, but I just don’t get the sense that he’s a natural for writing pieces that require more musical complexity (which is *not* the same as complex music) than a film score or that he has the ability to write long spans of music. I find his idiom to be “John Adams light” and that’s definitely not a compliment in my book. I don’t like his pop albums at all and there’s more than a whiff of “New York media hype” about him.

    • ianw2

      HH, my feelings about Nico aren’t quite as extreme as yours but I do wonder, without having seen Two Boys, whether he’s best suited to long forms such as a full length opera.

      This isn’t a criticism at all (I mean, neither was Stravinsky really), just a curious observation.

      Having an eight page New Yorker profile of your life at the age of 25 can’t help, can it?

      • CarlottaBorromeo

        Die Feen has never struck me as a perfectly-achieved opera… But of course Wagner was only 21 when he wrote it so Nico Muhly really has no excuse… *sigh* Is it a immutable law of the internet that you have to be grumpy and mean-spirited to be allowed on…?

        • ianw2

          Well as I said on another thread, every new commission nowadays is expected to be a Falstaff, when the composer is still on Oberto.

        • Henry Holland

          Is it a immutable law of the internet that you have to be grumpy and mean-spirited to be allowed on…?

          So, expressing one’s opinions based on hearing a substantial chunk of a composers worklist and expressing reservations is “mean-spirited”? Wow, that’s an awfully low bar you’ve set there.

          As for the “it’s his first opera, cut him some slack” let the record reflect that Schreker’s Flammen, Britten’s Peter Grimes and Birtwistle’s Punch & Judy, to name three favorites, were first operas. To be fair to your point though, only Schreker, who finished his when he was 24 (Britten: 32, Birtwistle: 34) was in the same age range as Mr. Muhly.

          Every new commission nowadays is expected to be a Falstaff, when the composer is still on Oberto

          Well said, but in most of the non-rave reviews I’ve read of Muhly’s piece, they praise him as someone who knows opera, but that his music isn’t substantial or varied enough to carry a full evening.

          • Indiana Loiterer III

            Peter Grimes may have been Britten’s first proper opera, but it wasn’t his first work for the musical stage. Remember Paul Bunyan?

          • Camille

            You are correct about Paul Bunyan, a cute little work. All I can recall from my program notes accompanying the NYCO production from a decade ago is that it was done at and/or for Columbia University while Britten was here taking refuge from the war storms gathering in Europe in the very early forties.

            I enjoyed the production. Not a great work but a nice evening nonetheless.
            Also, not to flog a dead horse, but exactly the kind of unusual and out-of- the-standard repertory with which NYCO used to grace us.

            It appears that, like Joseph Patelson’s Music House, the House that Jules&Bev built is about to be no more.

          • Henry Holland

            Of course I remember Paul Bunyan, I have four recordings of it. Words have meaning, which is why I chose the word “opera” not “work for the musical stage”.

          • Indiana Loiterer III

            My point in bringing up Paul Bunyan--a piece which, for all its charms, has real problems, not only due to Auden’s libretto--was that Britten had a lot of stage experience under his belt even before composing Peter Grimes. (And Grimes is basically a number opera; it doesn’t behave that much unlike Paul Bunyan.) So I don’t think the analogy to Oberto or Die Feen holds up.

            And in any case, I’m not sure Muhly has that kind of stage experience.

          • Henry Holland

            Britten had a lot of stage experience under his belt even before composing Peter Grimes

            Ah, now I get what you mean, apologies for the snarky reply earlier. You post caused me to break out the books I own about Britten which I haven’t looked at in a while. The Britten Companion list 8 scores for theatrical plays, and of course there’s the numerous scores for documentaries etc.

            Mr. Muhly has a second opera due to be premiered in November:


            I’d like to hear Two Boys but it hasn’t turned up on my usual pirate/bootleg sites yet.

          • CarlottaBorromeo

            “apologies for the snarky reply earlier” -- well there you have it… the internet default mode…

      • IdiaLegray

        I saw TWO BOYS twice. Wasn’t totally convinced the first time, but was won over the second. The music is ravishing, but the libretto needs some reworking. It needs clarification without dumbing it down and the detective needs a more emotional connection to the crime and the central character. Moreover, would a contemporary police detective really be so ignorant about the internet? I am amazed how many people in the audience are as clueless at the end as the central character about what has transpired. Susan Bickley couldn’t get over the orchestra for much of the work. Nicky Spence was terrific vocally and dramatically. I hope the Met is smart enough to hire him for its performances.